Learn More About Migraines and Its Treatment
The falling estrogen levels before menstruation is what usually triggers a migraine among women that causes severe head pain often accompanied by sensitivity to light, smells or sound. The common manifestations of a migraine attack include eye pain, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light or sound, and severe headache that is usually described as “pounding pain” on one side of the head. Migraine attacks are usually triggered by hormonal changes, stress, certain foods, oversleeping, and strong stimuli such as loud noises. Some types of birth control pills can trigger migraines, and various foods such as aged cheese, smoked meats, chocolate, dairy products, alcoholic beverages as well as artificial sweeteners and monosodium glutamate. It will be beneficial keeping a headache diary if you are unsure what triggers your migraine to identify individual factors that lead to your migraine attack.
The pharmacologic treatment for migraines include over-the-counter (OTC) like acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and naproxen sodium, or prescription drugs like triptans. Exercise and healthy diet may help in reducing the frequency of your migraine attacks. As much as possible, avoid eating foods that are known to trigger your migraine. Meditation and relaxation strategies can also help prevent migraine attacks and reduce the severity of headache such as meditation, yoga, guided imagery, and progressive muscle relaxation. Most people are usually capable of managing their migraines with the right combination of lifestyle changes and medications. On the other hand, some people really require prescription medications because their migraine attacks are too severe. What is migraine aura? A migraine aura is defined as a set of specific symptoms that the patient experiences prior to a headache or migraine attack such as a blind spot in one eye, flashing lights or numbness involving one side of the body. A migraine aura usually last for several minutes and it is usually resolved once the head pain starts, though there are instances when a migraine aura may also last until a migraine is resolved. For people who have never experienced migraine aura, it can be frightening because it can mimic the signs and symptoms of a stroke.
Because of high levels of estrogen during pregnancy, many women find their migraines are resolved during pregnancy. It is important to discontinue any medication that was used prior to pregnancy to prevent birth defects. If you notice locking of your jaw, swollen or you’re grinding your teeth a lot, your migraine might be related to Temporomandibular Joint Disorder or TMJ, so you need to contact a TMJ specialist who will recommend effective exercises and routine changes to help in your condition. Generally, the best management treatment for a migraine is the combination of healthy diet, exercise, lifestyle changes, pharmacologic treatments, and avoiding triggering factors.
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